### What is SAS?

SAS (Statistical Analysis System) is software for data inspection and report writing. SAS runs on Windows and UNIX and can be downloaded into Mainframe too.

This integrated software suite enables us to perform statistical analysis by altering, managing, and retrieving data from various sources to develop a software solution.

It provides a graphical point-and-click user interface for non-technical users and more advanced options through the SAS language (A computer programming language used for statistical analysis that can read data from common spreadsheets and databases and outputs the statistical analysis result in tables, graphs, and RTF, HTML, and PDF documents).

SAS is a batch of programs that work together to reclaim and reserve data values, reform data, evaluate complex and single exponential analyses, and generate reports. These programs have DATA steps, which retrieve and manipulate data, and PROC steps, which analyze the data.

## Why SAS?

As a SAS professional, I can explain why SAS I would say it’s a bit of a tiny subject but very unique, competitive, and leading within the analytics world. SAS is the main statistical tool certified by the FDA and IIRC. SAS is a **Statistical Analysis System**, i.e., a collection of software program tools created by the SAS Institute.

SAS programming has numerous applications, including the analysis of multivariates, predictive analysis, management of data, and business intelligence. Statistics show that 70% of analytics jobs are in SAS programming, followed by R and Python. It is an ever-evolving technology according to industry needs, which is one major factor in its favor.

## SAS Job Profiles

Below are some of the job profiles you can take up as a SAS professional:

### SAS Analyst

In contrast to a SAS programmer, a SAS analyst is a business or financial risk analyst who uses SAS software products as his or her main tools for analysis. SAS analysts collect and analyze data to find patterns and outliers that can be used to predict future trends and estimate costs for an organization. They may also involve pre-sales analysis, working with clients, and giving them help.

### SAS Programmer

A SAS programmer’s work involves designing, developing, evaluating, and modifying SAS (Statistical Analysis Software) programs to analyze and evaluate data. They analyze the correctness and consistency of the data and create data listings and other essential reports for use in clinical studies and study reports.

### Customer Analytics Manager

Customer Analytics Manager increases the lifetime value of customers by making smarter use of insights. They are responsible for the delivery of critical predictive and descriptive models. Additionally, they Define and practice data science techniques that are on par with the best in the world to guarantee that the insights gained are accurate, reliable, and repeatable.

**Decision Analyst**

As a decision analyst, you devise a method for locating a solution to the problem that can be shown conclusively using mathematics and make use of predictive analysis to demonstrate to your customer why the decision you are recommending is, in fact, the one that will provide a solution to his or her issue in the most effective manner that is now imaginable.

There is a huge scope of SAS for fresher. Banks are heavily using SAS, as are Insurance & other Financial Services companies like HSBC, Citi, JP Morgan, & Wells Fargo. So it’s sensible to grab the opportunity if you get it by some means to learn and work on SAS technology.

## SAS Modules

When you install SAS software, it has several built-in modules designed for various analytics and reporting purposes. See some of the common SAS modules or components.

**BASE SAS**

It is the most common SAS module. It is used for data manipulation such as filtering, selecting, renaming or removing columns, reshaping data, etc.

**SAS/STAT**

It runs popular statistical techniques such as Hypothesis Testing, Linear and Logistic Regression, Principal Component Analysis, etc.

**SAS/ACCESS**

It lets you read data from databases such as Teradata, SQL Server, Oracle DB2, etc.

**SAS GRAPH**

You can create simple and complex graphs using this component.

**SAS/ETS**

This module can perform time series forecasting such as ARIMA, Exponential Smoothing, Moving Average, etc.

## SAS tutorials for Beginners

This course will teach you the basics of using the SAS statistical software. The objective here is to familiarize you with the SAS application and its structure so that you can start building programs to handle and analyze the data you have collected.

The following articles are designed for beginners who have no programming background or are new to the SAS programming language. You will learn the fundamentals of SAS and how to develop and run your first SAS program.

- Introduction to Base SAS Programming
- History of SAS
- How to learn SAS Programming online for free?
- SAS on Demand

## Base SAS Tutorials

These posts are designed to cover all the topics of base SAS certification. It includes an explanation of data structures, data management, data analysis, and report generation topics.

- Working with SAS libraries
- SAS Tutorials – Basics of SAS Programming
- History of SAS software
- Methods to Import data into SAS
- Data set Options in SAS
- How to learn SAS Programming online for free?
- SAS Numeric functions and Operators
- Exploring the SET Statement in SAS
- How do you convert characters to numeric or numeric to characters in SAS?
- Using RETAIN in SAS to remember values
- Proc Sort Options in SAS
- IF THEN ELSE SAS statements
- SAS on demand for Academics – Complete Guide for using SAS on the cloud.
- Ultimate Guide to SAS Formats and Informats
- SAS date formats: How to display dates correctly?
- How to use compress function in SAS?
- The Ultimate Guide To SAS Character Functions
- Using PROC RANK for ranking variables
- SAS Loops Explained
- Automatic Variables in SAS
- 4 Little Tricks To Achieve The Best Results In PROC PRINT SAS.
- Comparison operator in SAS – The =: Operator
- Using the Compare function in SAS for comparing strings
- 4 Functions for fuzzy matching in SAS
- Use Where Statement In SAS To Your Advantage
- Ten Quick Uses of Proc Datasets
- How to import data using Proc Import?
- SAS Missing Values: Everything You Need to Know
- Length and Precision of SAS Variables
- Date Functions in SAS – The Definitive Guide
- SAS Generation Datasets
- Date Interval Functions – INTNX and INTCK in SAS
- Column Input in SAS
- The Ultimate Guide to SUBSTR in SAS
- Length functions in SAS : LENGTH / LENGTHN / LENGTHC / LENGTHM.
- The SAS Index Function Explained
- How to use the SAS SCAN Function?
- SAS Proc Contents Tutorial
- How to save a log file in SAS?
- Default Sorting Order of Characters in SAS
- How To Specify List Of Variables In SAS?
- 8 Ways to Calculate Column Total in SAS
- The Yearcutoff System Option in SAS
- Introduction to Clinical SAS Programming
- SAS Loops – Understanding Leave and Continue
- Select Statement in SAS
- How to convert Character date to SAS Date?
- Concatenate strings in SAS: The CAT Functions Demystified

## Getting Started With PROC SQL

The following lessons are intended for people new to the SQL programming language. PROC SQL is an advanced SAS procedure that helps to run SQL queries to manage and manipulate data. It includes an Introduction to SQL with examples, PROC SQL Joins, conditional statements and useful tips and tricks of SQL, etc.

- A comprehensive guide to PROC SQL in SAS (15 + Examples)
- Everything You Need To Know About SQL SET Operators
- Intermediate Proc SQL Tutorials with Examples
- Creating Tables using Proc SQL
- How can I use Proc SQL to enter data into a table?
- What Is The SQL Pass-Through Facility, And What Are The Advantages Of Using It
- How to use Truncated String Comparison Operators In Proc SQL?
- How To Use The SAS Proc SQL Order By Statement?
- 7 PROC SQL Options You Should Use to Debug Queries
- Troubleshoot Your Proc SQL Code Like a Pro with These 7 Automatic Macro Variables
- Proc SQL Case When Statement: A Guide to Efficient Data Analysis

## Automate your work with SAS Macros

SAS Macro is used to automate repetitive tasks, i.e., tasks that you perform very frequently (every day or more than once a day). It includes useful tips and tricks for SAS Macro programming and outlines real-world examples of automation with SAS Macros.

- An Introduction to SAS Macro Programming
- SAS Macro Quoting functions: Masking Special Characters
- Exploring SAS Macro functions – Eval and Sysevalf
- How to use the IN operator in SAS macro?
- CALL SYMPUT in SAS – Explained
- How to Delete Macro Variables in SAS?
- SAS macro parameters with commas
- How many ways we can create macro variables in SAS?
- How to Use Character Values on a Macro %DO Loop?
- Maximizing the Power of SAS Macro Variables: Using Them as Dates

## SAS Advanced Programming Concepts

In this section, you can learn Advanced SAS Programming. It includes many of the Base and Advanced tutorials which would help you to acquire more knowledge of data exploration and manipulation, predictive modeling using SAS along with some scenario-based examples for practice.

- Using Index in SAS to speed up programs
- Combining data Vertically in SAS (6 Methods)
- How to transpose a SAS dataset using the Proc Transpose procedure
- 7 Table lookup techniques for SAS Programmers
- How to use the SAS Arrays function to simplify your code
- SAS formatting techniques: using Proc Format to create custom formats
- 6 Sas Picture Format Tips You Need To Learn Now
- How to sort an array in SAS?
- SAS Data Access Functions
- 11 Financial Formulas In SAS to make your investment decision easier
- Using SAS with Microsoft Sharepoint
- SAS Data Step Merge Explained
- An exhortation to Merge? Isn’t It Time to UPDATE?
- Modifying SAS Dataset using SAS Modify Statement
- IFC and IFN Functions in SAS
- How to Run SAS Programs in Jupyter Notebooks with SASpy?
- Unleash the Power of SAS Data Views
- How to Compare Two Tables in SAS?

## SAS Analytics

This section covers how to perform data exploration and statistical analysis with SAS. It explains how to perform descriptive and inferential statistics, linear and logistic regression, time series analysis, variable selection and reduction, cluster analysis, and predictive modeling with SAS, etc. It will help you generate insights from data using statistical techniques.

- Using PROC MEANS for detailed analysis of data
- Learn how to create Summary Reports using PROC Tabulate
- Business Analytics Definition and Overview
- PROC FREQ in SAS
- Using Proc Univariate for Analysis and Normality Test
- Proc Summary in SAS: Explained
- Bar Chart Examples: A Guide to create Bar Charts in SAS
- How to calculate Confidence Interval in SAS?

## Statistics Tutorials

Learn the fundamentals of statistics and analysis in an easy way! No background in statistics is necessary.

- Descriptive Statistics in SAS with Examples
- Central Limit Theorem
- Confidence Interval for Population Mean
- Basics of Hypothesis Testing
- PROC TTEST for comparing means
- How to choose a statistical test?
- Why Standardization of variables is important?
- How to summarize categorical data graphically?
- Box and Whisker Plot : Explained
- One Way Anova in SAS
- Step-by-Step Techniques to Understand Linear Regression
- K-Means Clustering in SAS: an easy step-by-step guide￼

## SAS Programs

Here is the collection of the SAS programs. These SAS programming examples will help you to learn various concepts in SAS.

- Generating sum of rolling data using the Lag function
- Retrieve file size or last modified date of an external file in SAS
- 5 techniques of finding paths or locations in SAS
- Creating a single record from multiple records in SAS
- Creating multiple observations from single observation in SAS
- Generating Multiple Excel Files
- Macro To check if a variable exists in SAS dataset
- How to add leading zeros in SAS?
- How to use the IN operator in SAS macro?
- How to create folders using SAS?
- How to Delete Macro Variables in SAS?
- How to delete datasets in SAS?
- Count of missing and nonmissing values for each variable in a SAS data set
- How to sort an array in SAS?
- How to Password protect SAS datasets ?
- 5 ways to exit from a SAS data step or a Program
- 4 Methods to find values in one table that are in another table
- 8 Ways to count the number of observations in a SAS dataset and pass it into a macro variable
- Removing dashes and parentheses from phone numbers
- Changing the Case of All Character Variables in a Data Set
- Randomly select character values for each observation
- SAS Data Access Functions
- How to delete labels and formats from SAS variables?
- How to Copy a file with SAS?
- Generate all permutations of elements in SAS
- Append records to an existing file in SAS
- Determine the log of a variable in SAS
- 6 methods to reorder Variables in SAS Data Set
- How To Specify List Of Variables In SAS?
- 8 Ways to Calculate Column Total in SAS
- How to Import multiple Excel files in SAS?
- Check if a Specified Object Exists
- How to check if string is numeric in SAS?
- How to zip and Unzip files using SAS?
- How to read zip files in SAS?
- Creating a custom sort order in SAS
- How to get today’s date in SAS?
- Convert all character variables to numeric automatically
- Get column value from column name
- How to Round Numbers in SAS?
- How to truncate Decimals in SAS?
- How to Copy datasets in SAS?
- How to Calculate a Weighted Average in SAS?
- How to Use Character Values on a Macro %DO Loop?
- How to determine if the external file is empty in SAS?
- How to Print Empty SAS dataset information to the output window?
- How to Loop through Dates in SAS?
- 5 Techniques for Quickly Removing Leading Zeros in SAS
- How to Create a Quoted List Separated by Spaces in SAS