Unix datetime and SAS datetime are two different formats used to represent date and time values in computer systems.
A SAS datetime value is the number of seconds that have elapsed since midnight of January 1, 1960 (
The Unix epoch (or Unix time or POSIX time or Unix timestamp) is the number of seconds that have elapsed since January 1, 1970 (midnight
UTC/GMT), not counting leap seconds (in
ISO 8601: 1970-01-01T00:00:00Z).
Timestamp in milliseconds:
Date and time (GMT):
Sunday, 30 April 2023 04:21:25
Date and time (Your time zone):
Sunday, 30 April 2023 09:51:25 GMT+05:30
You can convert a Unix datetime to a SAS datetime by adding the number of seconds in 10 years. The Number of seconds between 01JAN1960 and 01JAN1970 is 315619200.
Adding the SAS epoch value to the result gives you the number of seconds that have elapsed since
January 1, 1960, 00:00:00 UTC, which is the SAS datetime value.
data _null_; unixDT=1682828627; sasDT=unixDT + 315619200; format _all_ datetime20.; put (_all_)(+4=); run;
You can also use the dhms() function instead of the 9-digit constant. The
dhms() function returns a SAS datetime value from date, hour, minute, and second values.
data _null_; unixDT=1682828627; sasDT=dhms('01jan1970'd, 0, 0, unixDT); format _all_ datetime20.; put (_all_)(+4=); run;
A Unix time is often represented as UTC, so you may want to use tzoneoff() function to return the local time in SAS.
data _null_; unixDT=1682828627; sasDTLocal = dhms('01jan1970'd,0,0, unixDT + TZONEOFF()); format _all_ datetime20.; put (_all_)(+4=); run;